Endocrinology

ENDOCRINOLOGY

Endocrinology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diseases related to the endocrine system. The endocrine glands are numerous “ductless glands” which secrete specific chemicals called hormones, which are required for the smooth functioning of the body. The department of endocrinology at Vijay hospitals has been a major provider for treatment of endocrine diseases providing precise and comprehensive care to the patients

Effects of hormonal imbalance

  • Irregular Menstruation Irregular menstruation is generally correlated to a condition called anovulation. Anovulation is a condition where the ovary does not release ovum for more than 3 months and it is caused due to imbalance by the hormones.
  • Unexplained Weight Gain At some point during menopause, a woman’s estrogen (female sex hormone) level drops. This often leads to weight gain
  • Change in Appetite Leptin, a hormonal substance is normally produced by the fat cells that decrease the appetite. In contrast, ghrelin a hormone substance increases the appetite promoting weight gain.
  • Fatigue A feeling of tiredness, sluggish nature or mentally foggy throughout the day are signs of hormonal imbalance.
  • Mood Swings Majority of the women experience mood swings during the course of menstruation, pre-menopause, menopause and post-menopausal period often due to hormonal imbalance.
  • Hair Loss Excessive production of hormones like estrogen leads to hair loss. Similar hormonal imbalances cause hair loss in the males making them bald.

Disorders treated at our hospital include

  • Thyroid gland: Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goitre, thyroid nodules, and thyroid cancer
  • Pituitary gland: Hyperpituitarism, hypopituitarism, hypophysitis, pituitary apoplexy, hyperprolactinemia, diabetes insipidus, adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency, nelson’s syndrome, kallman syndrome, and sheehan’s syndrome
  • Disorders related to the reproductive system: Amenorrhea, polycystic ovary syndrome, hirsutism, turner syndrome, and premature ovarian failure
  • Metabolic bone disorders: Osteoporosis, steroid-induced osteoporosis, chemotherapy-induced bone loss, premenopausal bone loss, parathyroid disorders, osteomalacia, renal osteodystrophy, and paget’s disease
  • Adrenal gland disorders: Addison’s disease, adrenal tumour, adrenocortical carcinoma, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, primary aldosteronism, hyperaldosteronism, adrenal insufficiency, phaeochromocytoma, and adenoma
  • Lipid metabolic disorders: Include patients with high triglycerides, high cholesterol, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL)

Investigations

The following investigations for endocrine disorders are available at Vijay hospitals

  • In-patient blood and urine testing (day-case investigations)
  • Thyroid and Parathyroid ultrasound scans
  • Radio-isotope thyroid scans.
  • CT and MRI scan (pituitary, chest/abdomen etc.)
  • Bone density scans (DEXA)
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