Gynecology & Obstetrics


Obstetrics and Gynecology are health Specialities that center on two diverse aspects of the female reproductive system. Obstetrics deals with the care of the expectant women, the unborn baby, labor and delivery and the direct period subsequent to childbirth. The obstetrician ensures that mother and child get the finest prenatal care to make sure labor and delivery is accomplished with no complications and that if interventions are needed, it is done using a quick and safe approach.

Gynecology deals with several ailments relating to the reproductive organs; uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries and vagina. A gynecologist might also take care of the related problems in the bowel, bladder and urinary system since these are directly associated with the female reproductive organs.


Obstetrics explicitly deals with the safety of the pregnant woman and her newborn. Throughout pregnancy a numeral of complications can happen including ectopic pregnancy a condition where the embryo is in the fallopian tube, fetal distress caused by compression , problems with the placenta or high blood pressure which might be a precursor of a serious illness called pre-eclampsia.

The obstetrician is skilled in all these complications of childbirth and ensures in cooperation that both the mother and the infant are securely guided throughout every phase of pregnancy and childbirth. Whether the infant is delivered vaginally or through the course of a planned or emergency caesarian section an obstetrician is taught to handle any sort of changes that present at some stage in the natural, but sometimes complex process of childbirth.

Subsequent to the delivery, an obstetrician is focused on the wellbeing of the mother and child ensuring that both create the evolution into a regular daily life devoid of deadly complications that were widespread a hundred years ago and unfortunately are a tranquil going on in the third world countries.

The medical area of expertise of obstetrics has made pregnancy and childbirth an existence altering event to be embraced with confidence eloquent that modern medicine has made the process safe and predictable.


While the majority of gynecologists are furthermore obstetricians, the field of Gynecology focuses on all other additional aspects of a woman’s reproductive health from the commencement of puberty throughout menopause and beyond.

Women often visit their gynecologist for their yearly Pap test and pelvic examination. Additional reasons a woman would see her gynecologist are for infections, pain or discomfort in the uterus, genitals or breasts. Gynecologists as well offer support with the infertility issues and contraception.

Gynecology diagnoses and treats diseases of the reproductive organs together with cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist moreover treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a situation generally present in the postmenopausal women with undermined pelvic muscles that cannot sustain the uterus or bladder appropriately.

Further diseases that are treated include the yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and aching menstruation, painful intercourse and other diseases correlated to menopause which may possibly require a surgical approach.

Surgical procedures

Gynecology encompasses precise surgical procedures linked to the female reproductive organs. The most common procedures are:

  • Tubal ligation
  • Hysterectomy
  • Oophorectomy
  • Salpingectomy
  • Cone biopsy