Orthopaedics

ORTHOPAEDICS

Vijay hospital offers treatment services for all injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. In addition, this speciality offers treatment services in specific areas of major joint reconstruction, sports medicine, paediatric orthopaedic, foot, hand, spine, trauma, oncology, reconstructive microsurgery, and rehabilitation.

Our multidisciplinary approach, which inter-links the proficiency of specialists in orthopaedic surgery, reconstructive plastic surgery, radiology, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and orthopaedic nursing ensures that every patient receives the most suitable and receptive treatment.

Complex traumatic surgeries

This includes hip preserving surgeries through surgical dislocation, pelvis and acetabulum osteotomies, and proximal femoral osteotomies, peri-articular fractures involving the upper and lower limb.

Sports medicine

Sports medicine a subdivision of medicine deals with the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise. This sub-speciality deals with injuries related to sports i.e. ankle sprains, fractures, knee and shoulder injuries, tendonitis, exercise-induced asthma, concussions, and cartilage injuries. Apart from this sports medicine includes enhancement of sports including nutrition, equipment and training, and medical syndromes related to sports and exercise. This area involves health care professionals, researchers, and educators from a broad variety of disciplines.

Orthopedic oncology

Orthopedic oncology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of primary benign and malignant tumours of the bones. The advanced orthopedic procedures are performed for the primary bone cancers, soft tissue sarcomas, metastatic cancer spreading to the bone (breast, colon, lung, prostate) and orthopedic problems that occur in line with the cancer.

The surgical techniques employed for bone cancer include

  • Soft tissue excisions/resections
  • Joint replacement
  • Hip replacement
  • Limb salvage surgery
  • Rodding/rod fixation
  • Bone grafting/synthetic bone substitute (e.g., Kyphoplasty)
  • Implants (e.g., prosthesis), transplants
  • Reconstructive surgery
  • Palliative surgery

specialities

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure employed by the orthopedic surgeons to visualize, diagnose and treat joint problems. During an arthroscopic examination, the surgeon examines the structures inside the joint using the arthroscope. Light is transmitted through the fiber optics to the end of arthroscope that is inserted into the joint. This procedure allows the surgeon to visualize the interior of the joints without the need for large incisions.

Surgeons at Vijay hospitals use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat a variety of joint conditions affecting the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip, and the wrist. Conditions treated with arthroscopy include non-inflammatory, inflammatory, and infectious types of arthritis (ex; rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis) and common joint injuries including loose bone fragments, damaged cartilage, inflamed joints, torn ligaments, and scarring within the joints.

Joint replacement or replacement arthroplasty is an orthopedic surgical measure through which arthritic or non functional joint surfaces are replaced using an orthopedics prosthesis. This procedure is an alternative when progressive joint aching or dysfunction is not relieved using lesser-invasive therapies. The prosthesis is fabricated to adequately facilitate the movements of a normal joint.

The most commonly performed joint replacements are the hip, and the knee, but can be performed on other joints, including the ankle, wrist, shoulder and elbow. Chronic osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis frequently result in loss of function and damage to the joint to an extent that the functioning of the joint is affected necessitating a need for arthroplasty. Apart from arthritic conditions, damage can also occur from injuries and infection requiring a joint replacement.

Spinal fusion otherwise referred to as spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis, a neurosurgical orthopedic surgical measure that joins two or more involved vertebrae. This technique can be accomplished at any point in the spine and can intercept movement involving the fused vertebrae. including the ankle, wrist, shoulder and elbow.Chronic osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis frequently result in loss of function and damage to the joint to an extent that the functioning of the joint is affected necessitating a need for arthroplasty. Apart from arthritic conditions, damage can also occur from injuries and infection requiring a joint replacement.

This method is commonly performed to ease back pain related to degenerative disk diseases, fractured spinal bone, scoliosis, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, tumours or spinal infection.

Pediatric orthopedics deals with growing bones and joints having its own characterstic features and hence requires a specialized perceptive understanding of the treatment methods in comparison to fully developed adult bones. This sub speciality deals with birth defects in the limbs (hememelia), pediatric trauma, pediatric neuromuscular disorders (Polio, Cerebral Palsy, MMC), correction of deformities in limbs (CTEV, flat foot, vertical talus), developmental disorders (DDH, Perthes) and nutritional disorders ( scurvy, Rickets).

Microsurgery assists in the process of management of hand pathologies moreover with the current advances in this technically challenging field

  • Reconstructive procedures for brachial plexus injuries
  • Reconstructive surgeries due to trauma, infections, tumours, post burn contractures, and congenital nomalies
  • Soft tissue procedures of the extremities involving skin grafting, regional flaps, pedicled flaps and microvascular free tissue transfer including osteocutaneous flaps.
  • Managing conditions like spastic hand, paralytic hand due to cerebral palsy and stroke
  • Hand disorders including dupuytren’s contracture, rheumatoid arthritis and vascular malformations
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