Paediatrics And Neonatal Care


Neonatal & Paediatric intensive care unit is an integral part of Vijay hospitals so that mothers & newborn babies receive the intensive neonatal care under conditions of high risk. A newborn infant might require inpatient or intensive care due to prematurity, respiratory difficulties, infections, different malformations, and problems during the process of delivery
In addition to the regularized monitoring of vital functions and nutritional state, neonatal care also includes administration of the necessary medications.
The experienced paediatricians & neonatologists at Vijay hospitals provide a 24-hour support to deal with any sort of unanticipated emergencies. They have a vast knowledge in managing treatment of unwell newborns, extremely premature and low birth weight babies The following are some of the factors that can evaluate a baby predisposition to high risk and increase the chances of being admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit.

Some of the high-risk factors include the following:

Maternal factors:
  • Individuals aged 16 years or younger and older than 40 years
  • Drug or alcohol exposure
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, or more)
  • Too little or too much amniotic fluid
  • Premature rupture of the amniotic membranes

High-risk factors related to the newborn

  • Less than the 37th week of gestation
  • Birth weight less than 2,500 grams Small for gestational age
  • Birth defects
  • Disorders of respiratory distress
  • Herpes, group B streptococcal and chlamydial infections
  • Seizures
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

General pediatric services provided include

  • Vaccination
  • Drug or alcohol exposure
  • Information related to the nutrition and feeding pattern of the newborn babies
  • Neonatal intensive care unit for nursing mothers
  • Phototherapy & exchange transfusion for newborn jaundice
  • Multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, or more)
  • Total parenteral nutrition for premature & low birth weight babies, ventilator treatment

Paediatric Cardiology Services

  • Diagnosis and management of congenital heart defects
  • Fetal cardiology
  • Management of heart failure
  • Rhythm abnormalities
  • Acquired heart disease

Pediatric Gastroenterology services

  • Abdominal pain
  • Celiac disease
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Hirschsprung’s disease
  • Diarrhea
  • Dyspepsia
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Liver disease
  • Nausea & vomiting

Pediatric Hematology Services

  • Sickle cell anaemia
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Aplastic anaemia
  • Bone marrow failure
  • Bleeding disorders including von Willebrand disease
  • Haemophilia

Pediatric Orthopedics Services

  • Gait abnormalities (limping)
  • Clubfoot
  • Scoliosis
  • Anomalies of the hip
  • Bone or joint infections and tumours

Pediatric Urology Services

  • Hydrocele or a hernia
  • Hypospadias
  • Neurogenic bladder
  • Undescended testicle (cryptorchidism)
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Vesicoureteral reflux

Pediatric Oncology Services

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • tumourss of the brain and bones
  • Childhood lymphomas
  • Hepatoblastomas
  • Liver cancer
  • Neuroblastomas
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcomas
  • Soft tissue sarcoma
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